By Katrin Gänsler
On February 16, President Muhammadu Buhari and opposition leader Atiku Abubakar will face off in Nigeria’s presidential election. The outcome of this highly contested vote is far from certain.
Mannir Abba, a singer, sits on the steps of a beige house in the town of Daura, in the northern Nigerian state of Katsina. He has written a song for Atiku Abubakar and immediately starts singing praise for the 72-year-old presidential candidate and his party, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP).
“Atiku is the better choice. Everything you see in my home town of Daura was created during the PDP government,” he adds. Other PDP party supporters clap around him. This is happening in the hometown of President Muhammadu Buhari. The 76-year-old is seeking re-election as a candidate for the ruling All Progressive Congress (APC). The people around musician Abba want to prevent Buhari from getting a second term.
There are no reliable forecasts for this highly contested election. This means the outcome of the February 16 election remains uncertain. However, what is certain is that, none of the remaining 71 candidates, approved by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in mid-January, have any significant chance of clinching the presidency. Many are unknown at the national level and very few have been seen in the capital Abuja.
Buhari’s presence in living rooms
Buhari appears to be omnipresent in Daura. The face of the tall, lean man, who once ruled Nigeria as a military ruler from 1983 to 1985, can be seen not only on the streets but also hanging on the living room walls of his staunch supporters.
Aliyu Rabe Daura, who works for the state government, is one of those who have decorated their living room with posters of the incumbent. He even has framed photo of himself which he took with Buhari. “He is a good man. People respect him because of the word Gaskiya which means truth,” explains Rabe Daura. He also appreciates Buhari’s modesty. “The last time he was here in Daura, he walked from the mosque to his house.”
When he was sworn into office four years ago, Buhari declared war on corruption and terrorism. He also pledged to strengthen the economy. His record as far as improving security is concerned, is considered weak. Since the end of 2018, the terrorist militant group Boko Haram has been staging more and more attacks on local municipalities. By end of January 2019, Some 30,000 people had been forced to flee the town of Rann in the state of Borno to neighboring Cameroon, according to the aid organization Doctors Without Borders.
‘We need water’
In 2014, Muhammadu Galadima, from the northeastern state of Adamawa also fled to Cameroon. Today, he lives in his former hometown Madagali. The area is still not really secured, he and other inhabitants told DW. “We would like the government to help us with water. But nothing [really] happens here.”
Buhari’s campaign slogan is “Next Level”. The 14-page program states that the foundation for a stable and prosperous Nigeria has been laid. In addition to the expansion of roads and electricity supply, jobs must now be created.
That is exactly the core campaign message of Buhari’s main challenger, Atiku Abubakar. With his “Atiku’s Plan,” he does not seek to to make Nigeria great again, but rather functional. Segun Sowunmi, Atiku’s election campaign manager, considers his boss to be the ideal candidate when it comes to economic issues: “He has great experience in creating jobs through his companies. He has directly created 50,000 jobs and another 300,000 indirectly. We need jobs fast.”
Atiku’s questionable business empire
Atiku’s wealth is made up of companies that offer logistics, oil and gas services. He is also the founder of the American University of Nigeria in Yola. There are no reliable figures on his assets, but there are allegations of corruption and money laundering. According to a report by the US Senate, with the help of his fourth wife, Fatima Abubakar, between 2000 and 2008, he brought a total of $40 million (€35 million) to the US.
During that period, Atiku worked for government authorities such as customs before entering politics in the 1990s. The highlight of his career was his eight-year term as vice president under Olusegun Obasanjofrom 1999 to 2007. He then changed parties several times and was a member of the APC from 2014 to 2017. After returning to the PDP, he ran a massive election campaign in the party’s internal primary elections, which he won in October 2018.
Creating room for the youth
Sixty-two percent of Nigerians are under 25. According to the election commission, one in four voters is a student or is undertaking some form of training. Both top presidential candidates could easily be their grandfathers.
Atiku’s campaign manager Sowunmi says Atiku only wants one term. “He’ll respect that and fill 40 percent of the posts with young people,” Sowunmi told DW.
In Kojoli, sparks are flying as Clifford Abalane works with his Flex machine. More than 20 years ago, the 46-year-old settled in Atiku’s home village in Adamawa.
Abalane is reluctant to sing praises for Atiku. Nigeria’s next president must above all fight poverty and “do something for the young people.” A few young people are standing around him as he observes them. In addition to providing better opportunities for the majority of the Nigerian population, the craftsman is faced with a far more fundamental question: The electoral process. “We always pray that they are free and fair,” Abalane says.
That is what many Nigerians are hoping for. The candidate with the best arguments will win and not the one with the most money.